KLCC – Kuala Lumpur City Centre
KLCC (Kuala Lumpur City Centre) is a multipurpose development area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Built on 1 January 1992 until 31 December 1994, the Petronas Twin Towers was the tallest building in the world from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2004. Currently, it still holds the record for the tallest twin buildings in the world. It is the headquarters of Petronas, a Fortune 100 state owned oil company and also the largest company in South East Asia.
The towers and the mall below were designed by Argentinian born architect César Pelli. Construction started in 1991 and completed 7 years after, in midst of Asian Financial Crisis and Reformasi movement. Due to the soil conditions on the tower, the buildings were built on one of the deepest foundations in the world.
The 88-storey towers were built using mostly reinforced concrete, with steel-and-glass facade to resemble Islamic motifs, a religion followed by the majority of Malaysia. The cross section of the tower resembles Rub el Hizb, further solidifies the Islamic motif in the tower design.
Suria KLCC is currently the only and main commercial centre in the KLCC area. The shopping mall occupies space underneath the Petronas Twin Towers and shares its parking lot with it. The six-story shopping mall has been extended to Menara Carigali since 2011.
The tower feature a Sky Bridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors, which is the highest 2-story bridge in the world. It is not directly bolted to the main structure, but is instead designed to slide in and out of the towers to prevent it from breaking during high winds. The bridge is 170m (558 ft) above the ground and 58 m (190 ft) long, weighing 750 tons. It is open to all visitors, and limited to 1700 people per day. Visitors are only allowed on the 41st floor as the 42nd floor can only be used by the tenants of the building. The Sky Bridge also acts as a safety device, so that in the event of a fire or other emergency in one tower, tenants can evacuate by crossing the Sky Bridge to the other tower.
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